Nyheter – Indien/Asien (V50-V2). Saibaba åter fängslad och ny bok om indisk statsterrorism

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På bilden syns beväpnade adivasis (ursprungsbefolkning) vid ett möte nyligen mot planerad bauxitbrytning i ett gränsområde mellan delstaterna Andhra Pradesh och Odisha.

Intro: Här är nyhetsbrevet för perioden vecka 50 till vecka 2 med nyheter som sällan intresserar de vinstdrivna medierna i väst. Medierna förmedlar bilden att fattigdomen minskar och extrema islamister lyfts fram i olika länder. I själva verket så ökar fattigdom och förtryck på många håll. De folkliga krafterna syns och hörs inte i nyhetsflödet. Det är vår avsikt att försöka bidra till att ändra på detta. Skicka gärna vidare detta nyhetsbrev till andra som kan vara intresserade. Maila gärna nyheter av intresse. / Redaktionen för Dandakaranya. www.indiensolidaritet.org

Innehåll:

  1. Saibaba åter fängslad. “Jag kommer förlora min hand om den inte behandlas”
  2. Markrofferiets följder. Bönder förbereder likbål för självbränning
  3. Karavan: Sydasiatiska stämmor. Studiecirkel i Stockholm, start 9/2.
  4. Dramatisk miljöförstöring vid hamnbygge i delstaten Kerala
  5. Ny bok: Blod på mina händer. Bekännelser om statsterrorism
  6. Naxaliter kallade till storstrejk mot bauxitbrytning
  7. The Hindu: “Redo för väpnad kamp mot bauxitbrytning”
  8. Kokosnötsrevolutionen
 

Saibaba åter fängslad. “Jag kommer förlora min hand om den inte behandlas”

INDIEN. Professor GN Saibaba besökte Jan Myrdalssällskapets prisutdelning i Varberg för några år sedan är kanske känd för en del i Sverige. I Indien är han känd som flitigt förekommande i media som en talesman för daliters och ursprungsbefolkningens rättigheter. Nu har han åter fängslats och hans liv är i fara på grund av förhållandena i fängelset.
    Saibaba fängslades den 9 maj 2014 för påstådda kopplingar till naxaliterna och en internationell kampanj främst uppbackad av olika kommunistgrupper har krävt att han skulle släppas. Indiensolidaritet i Sverige och Norge har också jobbat med frågan. I Indien är kampanjen ganska bred och protestmöten har arrangerats runt om i landet och kampanjen backas bl.a. upp av Arundhati Roys och många andra intellektuella.
    Fängelset tur och retur. Saibaba som är rullstolsburen släpptes efter drygt ett år för att få sjukvård men skickades tillbaka till fängelset den 25 december. I hans brev till domstolen står bl.a.: “Jag lider av flera åkommor av allvarlig art och har fått regelbunden behandling för min vänstra axel som skadades allvarligt i fängelset.”. Flera muskler i hans axel har skadades av vakterna vid släpning i fängelset vilket hotar att göra hans vänstra hand obrukbar. Saibaba har begärt att han skall få fortsatt behandling men domstolen vägrar. Har har också allvarliga problem med hjärtat, njurarna och gallblåsan. Risken att han kommer att dö av förhållandena i fängelset är stor.
    Tappa inte hoppet. “Tappa inte hoppet, jag kämpade jag för de fattiga, jag gjorde inte något fel,” var hans sista ord i frihet till sin hustru Vasantha, som höll sin man hårt i handen. Parets dotter säger att hon är stolt över sin far. “Min pappa är min hjälte, har står sida vid sida med de fattiga och kämpade mot de de rika som gjort ursprungsbefolkningen hemlös. Han är min inspiration”, säger dottern.

Viktigt! Skicka ett protestmail till domstolen som fattat beslutet!

Läs mer:

Free Saibaba-kampanjen i Indien:

Markrofferiets följder. Bönder förbereder likbål för självbränning

INDIEN. I byn Bujbuja i delstaten Madhya Pradesh har två bybor begått självmord i protest mot markrofferiet i deras område. Många andra säger sig vara beredda att begå självmord om deras mark och vatten inte återlämnas, Tanken är att de skall sätta eld på sig själva och bålet är redan förberett.
    Byborna i Bujbuja hävdar att företaget Welspun har tagit över mark med våld och betalat ersättning till falska bankkonton mot falska dokument. Bolaget stoppar byborna från att odla den mark som förvärvats med våld genom att gräva stora gropar. Familjerna i byn har använt marken för att odla grönsaker vilket gav tre skördar per år. Omkring 450 familjer kommer att påverkas markrofferiet.
    Storbolaget Welspun är underleverantör till Chevron, ExxonMobil och WalMart och sysslar med både stål och textilier. Bolaget vill bygga ett kraftverk vilket kommer att skada Bandavgarh National Park på grund av avloppsvattnet från kraftverket som kommer att släppas ut i Mahanadi-floden.

Karavan: Sydasiatiska stämmor. Studiecirkel i Stockholm, start 9/2.

SVERIGE. Tillsammans utforskar vi spännande litterära världar i Sydasien! Detta är ett tillfälle att stifta närmare bekantskap med novellister, romanförfattare och poeter från Pakistan, Bangladesh och Sri Lanka. Kursledare är Birgitta Wallin, som översatt flera författare från Sydasien. Hon gör ett personligt urval av texter att läsa till varje träff.
FEM TRÄFFAR med inledning och samtal.
CIRKELLEDARE: Birgitta Wallin, redaktör för Karavan och översättare.
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VAR: Timmermansgården på Södermalm i Stockholm
PRIS: 970 kr
För Karavanprenumeranter: 870 kr
För Karavanmedlemmar: 770 kr
Skicka din intresseanmälan till info@karavan.se!

Dramatisk miljöförstöring vid hamnbygge i delstaten Kerala

INDIEN. Ett unikt ekosystem rikt på koraller håller på att förstöras i utvecklingens namn i delstaten Kerala. Området är ett av endast 20 liknande områden i hela världen.
Se före och efter videos här:

Ny bok: Blod på mina händer. Bekännelser om statsterrorism.

INDIEN. Boken innehåller en anonym bekännelse av en arméofficer som berättar om avrättningar vid påhittade skottväxlingar. Officeren berättar för den undersökande journalisten och konfliktspecialisten Kishalay Bhattacharjee. Bhattacharjee analyserar den dolda politiken om utomrättsliga avrättningar.

Naxaliter kallade till storstrejk mot bauxitbrytning 

INDIEN. Naxaliternas speciella gränsområdeskommitté (Andhra Pradesh/Odisha) uppmanade till en storstrejk i slutet på december i protest mot föreslagen bauxitbrytning i området. Bauxitbrytning förstör miljön och gör den ofta obebolig för ursprungsbefolkningen. Naxaliternas talesperson Jagabandhu uppmanade till att bekämpa de politiska ledare som hycklande påstår sig vara emot bauxitbrytning men som jobbar för partier som egentligen är för den.

The Hindu: “Redo för väpnad kamp mot bauxitbrytning”
 

I Indiens näst största tidning The Hindu hade en artikel nyligen som beskriver hur omkring 8000 adivasis (ursprungsbefolkning) på ett möte sade sig vara beredda till väpnad kamp mot bauxitbrytning som är på gång.
   Den föreslagna brytningen av bauxit omfattar 1212 hektar (ca 2000 fotbollsplaner) i Jerrila och Chintapalli reservaten som ligger inom naxaliternas gränsområdeskommittés område (se ovan). Oppositionen mot och förbittring med de traditionella politiska ledarna är utbredd. Män, kvinnor och ungdomar var tydliga på mötet att de inte kommer tillåta brytning av bauxit i sina områden. “Varje försök att bryta bauxit kommer mötas med av väpnad opposition” sas det på det offentliga mötet och för att visa allvar så bar många sina traditionella vapen.
 

Kokosnötsrevolutionen

 
 PAPUA NYA GUINEA. Filmen Kokosnötrevolutionen berättar historien om ett framgångsrikt uppror bland ursprungsbefolkningen i Bougainville mot Papua Nya Guineas armé och storbolaget Mining Corporation Rio Tinto Zinks (RTZ) planer på exploatering av naturresurser. Dokumentären visar hur Bougainvilles Revolutionära Armé (BRA) lyckats övervinna blockaden som genomförs av den papuanska armén genom att använda kokosolja som bränsle till sina fordon.
    Den väpnade kampen för oberoende har idag lagts ner och en folkomröstning om självständighet har utlovats någon gång mellan 2015-2020.

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Nyheter – Indien/Asien (V49)

Lungt i Katmandu under generalstrejken i somras.

Lugnt i Katmandu under generalstrejken i somras.

Intro: Här är nyhetsbrev för vecka 49. Det rör på sig i Asien och det är inte bara de styrande som genomför sina kampanjer. Även på botten rör det på sig på olika håll vilket sällan intresserar de vinstdrivna medierna i väst. 

Innehåll:

  1. Kommer nya CPN Maoist fortsätta revolutionen i Nepal?
  2. Bhopal-katastrofen: 31 år av orättvisa
  3. Indiska myndigheter väntade 2 ½ månad med att erkänna torka
  4. Affisch pekar ut korrupta politiker    
  5. Buss brann i samband med gerillaattack
  6. Ny vänsterarmé mot IS
  7. Folkrörelseledare frisläppt från fängelset i Berhampur

Kommer nya CPN Maoist fortsätta revolutionen i Nepal?

NEPAL. Den kommunistiska rörelsen i Nepal har skakat om landet de senaste decennierna. Det parti som genomförde en väpnad kamp (folkkrig) heter numera Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist). Partiet leds sedan länge av Prachanda vars riktiga namn är Pushpa. De lade ner den väpnade kampen 2006 och ställde upp i val 2008 vilket de vann. 2013 förlorade de regeringsmakten. 2008 fick de 3,1 miljoner röster men 2013 fick de endast 1,6 miljoner röster. 2013 bröt sig en till synes radikal grupp sig ur men de är på väg tillbaka. En större grupp bröt sig i sin tur ur utbrytarna 2014 och de heter CPN maoist och leds av Biplav. Detta parti genomförde i juli en generalstrejk och gick hårt åt strejkbrytare. En del av deras aktivister greps av polisen.

Bhopal-katastrofen: 31 år av orättvisa

INDIEN. 60 personer samlades nyligen i New Delhi i för att uppmärksamma 31-årsdagen av Bhopal-katastrofen. Den har gått 31 år sedan en av de största industrikatastroferna i världen inträffade. Men offren och de överlevande i Bhopal har inte fått någon rättvisa. Generationer har levt med effekterna av det dödsbringande gasutsläppet. Konsekvenserna av utsläppet går i arv genom genetiska skador. Den ersättning som drabbade har fått är minimal. Resultatet av studier rörande hälsoeffekter är hemliga, sjukvård nekas drabbade och sanering av det giftiga avfall på fabriken som släppte ut gasen har inte genomförts. Amerikanska Dow Chemicals som släppte ut gasen full straffrihet och de fortsätter sin verksamhet.

Indiska myndigheter väntade 2 ½ månad med att erkänna torka

INDIEN. Mer än 100 bönder begick självmord i delstaten Uttar Pradesh (i norra Indien vid Nepal) som är en av de fattigaste delstaterna. Självmorden sägs bero på att en hagelstorm förstörde grödorna. Situationen förvärras av att 50 av 75 distrikt i delstaten har drabbats av en svår torka. Trots att bevis på torkan tog det myndigheterna två och en halv månad att officiellt erkänna den. Man kan förmoda att det hänger samman med att myndigheterna förväntas bidra med olika former av stöd till drabbade områden.

Läs mer: http://www.countercurrents.org/ahrc021215.htm

Affisch pekar ut korrupta politiker

INDIEN. (Telangana). Under natten till den fjärde december så sattes naxalitaffischer upp i staden Kagaznagar i delstaten Telangana vilket oroar myndigheterna. Affischen innehöll enligt The Hindu en varning till korrupta politiker. Affischen hängde ut en del lokala politiker för att ha tagit mutor. Det återstår att se hur “antikorruptions-kampanjen” kommer gå men affischen verkar i alla fall ha nått målgruppen.

http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/telangana/naxal-poster-creates-flutter-in-kagaznagar/ararticle7947382.ece

Buss brann i samband med gerillaattack

INDIEN. Indiens näst största tidning The Hindu berättar att en grupp naxalitsoldater bränt upp en buss i Palamaudistriktet i delstaten Jharkhand. Enligt polisen stoppade ett dussin naxaliter en buss som var på väg till Medininagar från Ranchi och bad passagerarna och chauffören att lämna bussen varefter de brände upp den. Av någon anledning så kopplar de ihop uppeldandet av bussen med lokalvalen som hölls i veckan.

I samma distrikt så sköt militären ihjäl tolv påstådda naxaliter i juli enligt denna tidning. Palumudistriktet är ett område där det pågår mycket stridigheter i största allmänhet. Myndigheterna vill driva bort 248 byar och tiotusentals människor i Palamudistriktet för att bygga “Netarhat Field Firing Range”. Motståndet har funnits nu i över två decennier och folk verkar inte på väg att ge upp.

http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/maoists-torch-bus-ahead-of-panchayat-elections/article7946718.ece

Ny vänsterarmé mot IS

TURKIET. Under sommaren bildades en ny armé för att strida mot islamisterna i Syrien vilka stöds av flera NATO-länder och Saudiarabien. Ett turkiskt parti har varit den främsta kraften bakom byggandet av armén. Inspiration till bildandet av armén kom från de internationella brigaderna i spanska inbördeskriget. Gruppen innehåller personer av flera olika nationaliteter, turkar, spanjorer, greker, tyskar, albaner, circasser, araber, armener, och ur folkgruppen laz. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Freedom_Battalion

Folkrörelseledare frisläppt från fängelset i Berhampur

INDIEN. Dandapani Mohanty som var ledare för organisationen “Daman Pratirodha Manch” släpptes ur fängelset i Berhampur efter att ha suttit cirka 36 månader i fängelse. Delstaten Orissas hösta domstol valde att släppa honom villkorligt den 1 december. Han uppmanades av domstolen att inte göra något uttalande angående anklagelserna. Som en protest gick han ut ur fängelset med svart tyg som täckte munnen.

Anledningen till hans fängelsevistelse var att han var medlem i en organisation som myndigheterna har förklarat olaglig. Organisationen “Daman Pratirodha Manch” som ordnade demonstrationer och ställde krav på frisläppande av fångar förbjöds redan 2006 av inrikesministeriet. ://www.newindianexpress.com/states/odisha/Dandapani-Freed-from-Circle-Jail/2015/12/04/article3160197.ece


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Aktivera dig i Indiensolidaritet! Skicka ett mail till: indiensolidaritet@gmail.com
Stödmedlemskap kostar 200 kr/år.  Sätt in en slant på Swedbank 82172032789240 (clearingnummer: 82172). Välj överföring, inte betalning.

 

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Blir barnarbete tillåtet i Indien?

INDIA_(F)_1006_-_Lavoro_minorile

Indien på väg att skrota skyddslagar för barn. Barnarbete blir tillåtet?
Och det drabbar naturligtvis först och främst de fattigas barn.

Will Child Labour Propel Make In India?
By Vikram Srivastava

http://www.countercurrents.org/srivastava201115.htm

It’s important to understand the efforts by government and its correlation. Recently the Union Cabinet’s approval of a set of amendment in Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986 dilutes the whole concept of childhood, learning and education. The law legalizes and promotes child labour below age of 14 years for family business and occupations, leaving no room for children to play and learning beyond classrooms. The law faults on few more counts including continued ignorance to the ILO Conventions 138 and 182. The proposed amendments doesn’t seem to be curbing child labour instead it a well thought move for reasons other than the Best Interest of Children

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Arundhati Roy lämnar tillbaka pris från regeringen

Arundhati Roy gav tillbaka sina priser – som många, många andra redan har gjort. Mycket intressant är hennes motivering. Utomordentlig bra. / Einar

Arundhati Roy Returns National Award

By Countercurrents.org

http://www.countercurrents.org/cc051115.htm

Booker Prize winning author Arundhati Roy has become the latest to join the band wagon to return national award presented by Government of India, as a protest to ‘growing intolerance’ in the country. Four Padma Bhushan Awards, 40 Sahitya Academi Awards twelve National film Awards were returned to Narendra Modi Government as a protest in just 18 months of BJP rule

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Rasistisk film, ett angrepp på ursprungsbefolkningen

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Gladson Dundung har skrivit om en rasistisk film som demoniserar adivasis som har upprört många. De försökte stoppa filmen men högsta domstolen sade nej. Många uppfattar att rasismen ökar i Indien, det är nog inte inbillning.

http://www.countercurrents.org/dungdung291015.htm

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Om hur den “gröna revolutionen” förstör Indien

India

Utländska genmanipulerade grödor som kräver massiv bevattning och besprutning är ingen bra idé i Indien. 

Masanobu Fukuoka, the legendary Japanese organic farmer once described Bhaskar Hiraji (bilden) Save’s farm as “the best in the world, even better than my own!” In 2010, the International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements honoured Save with the ‘One World Award for Lifetime Achievement’. Based on the results and practices on his 14-acre farm in Gujarat, Save was an inspiration for generations of farmers. By using traditional methods, he demonstrated on his farm that yield is superior to any farm using chemicals in terms of overall quantity, nutritional quality, taste, biological diversity, ecological sustainability, water conservation, energy efficiency and economic profitability.

Bhaskar Save died on 24 October 2015 at age 93. Emphasising self-reliance at the farm/village level, Save was regarded as the ‘Gandhi of natural farming’. In 2006 he published an open letter to the Indian Minister of Agriculture, the Chair of the National Commission on Farmers and other top officials to bring attention to the mounting suicide rate and debt among farmers. He wanted to encourage policy makers to abandon their policies of importing and promoting the use of toxic chemical chemicals that the ‘green revolution’ had encouraged. He regarded the green revolution as having been a total disaster for India – socially, economically and ecologically.

Below is a slightly edited version of his open letter, which reveals in some detail where India has gone wrong. At the same time, however, Bhaskar Save was optimistic that a fundamental change in policy could turn things around. His views on farming are rooted in a vision that is diametrically opposed to the current policies of selling out farmers and agriculture – the heart and soul of India – to corrupt foreign agribusiness concerns.

To: Shri M.S. Swaminathan,
The Chairperson, National Commission on Farmers,
Ministry of Agriculture, Govt. of India

I am an 84-year old natural/organic farmer with more than six decades of personal experience in growing a wide range of food crops. I have, over the years, practised several systems of farming, including the chemical method in the fifties – until I soon saw its pitfalls. I say with conviction that it is only by organic farming in harmony with Nature, that India can sustainably provide her people abundant, wholesome food. And meet every basic need of all – to live in health, dignity and peace.

You, M.S. Swaminathan, are considered the ‘father’ of India’s so-called ‘Green Revolution’ that flung open the floodgates of toxic ‘agro’ chemicals – ravaging the lands and lives of many millions of Indian farmers over the past 50 years. More than any other individual in our long history, it is you I hold responsible for the tragic condition of our soils and our debt-burdened farmers, driven to suicide in increasing numbers every year.

As destiny would have it, you are presently the chairperson of the ‘National Commission on Farmers’, mandated to draft a new agricultural policy. I hope this provokes some soul-searching and open debate at all levels on the extremely vital issues involved. – So that we do not repeat the same kind of blunders that led us to our present, deep festering mess.

Farming runs in our blood. But I am sad that our (now greyed) generation of Indian farmers, allowed itself to be duped into adopting the short-sighted and ecologically devastating way of farming, imported into this country. – By those like you, with virtually zero farming experience!

For generations beyond count, this land sustained one of the highest densities of population on earth. Without any chemical ‘fertilizers’, pesticides, exotic dwarf strains of grain, or the new, fancy ‘bio-tech’ inputs that you now seem to champion. The many waves of invaders into this country, over the centuries, took away much. But the fertility of our land remained unaffected.

In our forests, the trees like ber (jujube), jambul (jambolan), mango, umbar (wild fig), mahua (Madhuca indica), imli (tamarind) yield so abundantly in their season that the branches sag under the weight of the fruit. The annual yield per tree is commonly over a tonne – year after year. But the earth around remains whole and undiminished. There is no gaping hole in the ground!

From where do the trees – including those on rocky mountains – get their water, their NPK, etc? Though stationary, Nature provides their needs right where they stand. But ‘scientists’ and technocrats like you – with a blinkered, meddling itch – seem blind to this. On what basis do you prescribe what a tree or plant requires, and how much, and when.?

It is said: where there is lack of knowledge, ignorance masquerades as ‘science’! Such is the ‘science’ you have espoused, leading our farmers astray – down the pits of misery. While it is no shame to be ignorant, the awareness of such ignorance is the necessary first step to knowledge. But the refusal to see it is self-deluding arrogance.

This country has more than 150 agricultural universities. But every year, each churns out several hundred ‘educated’ unemployables, trained only in misguiding farmers and spreading ecological degradation.

In all the six years a student spends for an M.Sc. in agriculture, the only goal is short-term – and narrowly perceived – ‘productivity’. For this, the farmer is urged to do and buy a hundred things. But not a thought is spared to what a farmer must never do so that the land remains unharmed for future generations and other creatures. It is time our people and government wake up to the realisation that this industry-driven way of farming – promoted by our institutions – is inherently criminal and suicidal!

Trying to increase Nature’s ‘productivity,’ is the fundamental blunder that highlights the ignorance of ‘agricultural scientists’ like you. When a grain of rice can reproduce a thousand-fold within months, where arises the need to increase its productivity?

Numerous kinds of fruit trees too yield several hundred thousand kg of nourishment each in their lifetime! That is, provided the farmer does not pour poison and mess around the tree in his greed for quick profit.

The mindset of servitude to ‘commerce and industry,’ ignoring all else, is the root of the problem. But industry merely transforms ‘raw materials’ sourced from Nature into commodities. It cannot create anew. Only Nature is truly creative and self-regenerating – through synergy with the fresh daily inflow of the sun’s energy.

Modern technology, wedded to commerce – rather than wisdom or compassion – has proved disastrous at all levels… We have despoiled and polluted the soil, water and air. We have wiped out most of our forests and killed its creatures. And relentlessly, modern farmers spray deadly poisons on their fields. These massacre Nature’s jeev srushti – the unpretentious but tireless little workers that maintain the ventilated quality of the soil, and recycle all life-ebbed biomass into nourishment for plants. The noxious chemicals also inevitably poison the water, and Nature’s prani srushti, which includes humans.

Can you deny that for more than forty centuries, our ancestors farmed the organic way – without any marked decline in soil fertility, as in the past four or five decades? Is it not a stark fact that the chemical-intensive and irrigation-intensive way of growing monoculture cash-crops has been primarily responsible for spreading ecological devastation far and wide in this country? Within the lifetime of a single generation!

This country boasted an immense diversity of crops, adapted over millennia to local conditions and needs. Our numerous tall, indigenous varieties of grain provided more biomass, shaded the soil from the sun and protected against its erosion under heavy monsoon rains. But in the guise of increasing crop production, exotic dwarf varieties were introduced and promoted through your efforts. This led to more vigorous growth of weeds, which were now able to compete successfully with the new stunted crops for sunlight. The farmer had to spend more labour and money in weeding, or spraying herbicides.

The straw growth with the dwarf grain crops fell drastically to one-third of that with most native species! In Punjab and Haryana, even this was burned, as it was said to harbour ‘pathogens’. (It was too toxic to feed farm cattle that were progressively displaced by tractors.) Consequently, much less organic matter was locally available to recycle the fertility of the soil, leading to an artificial need for externally procured inputs. Inevitably, the farmers resorted to use more chemicals, and relentlessly, soil degradation and erosion set in.

The exotic varieties, grown with chemical ‘fertiliser’, were more susceptible to ‘pests and diseases’, leading to yet more poison (insecticides, etc.) being poured. But the attacked insect species developed resistance and reproduced prolifically. Their predators – spiders, frogs, etc. – that fed on these insects and ‘biologically controlled’ their population, were exterminated. So were many beneficial species like the earthworms and bees.

Agribusiness and technocrats recommended stronger doses, and newer, more toxic (and more expensive) chemicals. But the problems of ‘pests’ and ‘diseases’ only worsened. The spiral of ecological, financial and human costs mounted!

With the use of synthetic fertilizer and increased cash-cropping, irrigation needs rose enormously. In 1952, the Bhakra dam was built in Punjab, a water-rich state fed by 5 Himalayan rivers. Several thousand more big and medium dams followed all over the country, culminating in the massive Sardar Sarovar. And now, our government is toying with a grandiose, Rs 560,000 crore proposal to divert and ‘inter-link’ the flow of our rivers. This is sheer ‘Tughlaqian’ megalomania, without a thought for future generations!

India, next to South America, receives the highest rainfall in the world. The annual average is almost 4 feet. Where thick vegetation covers the ground, and the soil is alive and porous, at least half of this rain is soaked and stored in the soil and sub-soil strata. A good amount then percolates deeper to recharge aquifers, or ‘groundwater tables’.

The living soil and its underlying aquifers thus serve as gigantic, ready-made reservoirs gifted free by Nature. Particularly efficient in soaking rain are the lands under forests and trees. And so, half a century ago, most parts of India had enough fresh water all round the year, long after the rains had stopped and gone. But clear the forests, and the capacity of the earth to soak the rain, drops drastically. Streams and wells run dry. It has happened in too many places already.

While the recharge of groundwater has greatly reduced, its extraction has been mounting. India is presently mining over 20 times more groundwater each day than it did in 1950. Much of this is mindless wastage by a minority. But most of India’s people – living on hand-drawn or hand-pumped water in villages, and practising only rain-fed farming – continue to use the same amount of ground water per person, as they did generations ago.

More than 80% of India’s water consumption is for irrigation, with the largest share hogged by chemically cultivated cash crops. Maharashtra, for example, has the maximum number of big and medium dams in this country. But sugarcane alone, grown on barely 3-4% of its cultivable land, guzzles about 70% of its irrigation waters!

One acre of chemically grown sugarcane requires as much water as would suffice 25 acres of jowar, bajra or maize. The sugar factories too consume huge quantities. From cultivation to processing, each kilo of refined sugar needs 2 to 3 tonnes of water. This could be used to grow, by the traditional, organic way, about 150 to 200 kg of nutritious jowar or bajra (native millets).

While rice is suitable for rain-fed farming, its extensive multiple cropping with irrigation in winter and summer as well, is similarly hogging our water resources, and depleting aquifers. As with sugarcane, it is also irreversibly ruining the land through salinisation.

Soil salinisation is the greatest scourge of irrigation-intensive agriculture, as a progressively thicker crust of salts is formed on the land. Many million hectares of cropland have been ruined by it. The most serious problems are caused where water-guzzling crops like sugarcane or basmati rice are grown round the year, abandoning the traditional mixed-cropping and rotation systems of the past, which required minimal or no watering.

Since at least 60% of the water used for irrigation nowadays in India, is excessive, indeed harmful, the first step that needs to be taken is to control this. Thus, not only will the grave damage caused by too much irrigation stop, but a good deal of the water that is saved can also become available locally for priority areas where acute scarcity is felt.

Efficient, organic farming requires very little irrigation – much less than what is commonly used in modern agriculture. The yields of the crops are best when the soil is just damp. Rice is the only exception that grows even where water accumulates, and is thus preferred as a monsoon crop in low-lying areas naturally prone to inundation. Excess irrigation in the case of all other crops expels the air contained in the soil’s inter-particulate spaces – vitally needed for root respiration – and prolonged flooding causes root rot.

The irrigation on my farm is a small fraction of that provided in most modern farms today. Moreover, the porous soil under the thick vegetation of the orchard is like a sponge that soaks and percolates to the aquifer, or ground-water table, an enormous quantity of rain each monsoon. The amount of water thus stored in the ground at Kalpavruksha, is far more than the total amount withdrawn from the well for irrigation in the months when there is no rain.

Thus, my farm is a net supplier of water to the eco-system of the region, rather than a net consumer! Clearly, the way to ensure the water security and food security of this nation, is by organically growing mixed, locally suitable crops, plants and trees, following the laws of Nature.

We should restore at least 30% ground cover of mixed, indigeneous trees and forests within the next decade or two. This is the core task of ecological water harvesting – the key to restoring the natural abundance of groundwater. Outstanding benefits can be achieved within a decade at comparatively little cost. We sadly fail to realise that the potential for natural water storage in the ground is many times greater than the combined capacity of all the major and medium irrigation projects in India – complete, incomplete, or still on paper! Such decentralized underground storage is more efficient, as it is protected from the high evaporation of surface storage. The planting of trees will also make available a variety of useful produce to enhance the well-being of a larger number of people.

Even barren wastelands can be restored to health in less than a decade. By inter-planting short life-span, medium life-span, and long life-span crops and trees, it is possible to have planned continuity of food yield to sustain a farmer through the transition period till the long-life fruit trees mature and yield. The higher availability of biomass and complete ground cover round the year will also hasten the regeneration of soil fertility.

After the British left, Indian agriculture was recovering steadily. There was no scarcity of diverse nourishment in the countryside, where 75% of India lived. The actual reason for pushing the ‘Green Revolution’ was the much narrower goal of increasing marketable surplus of a few relatively less perishable cereals to fuel the urban-industrial expansion favoured by the government.

The new, parasitical way of farming you vigorously promoted, benefited only the industrialists, traders and the powers-that-be. The farmers’ costs rose massively and margins dipped. Combined with the eroding natural fertility of their land, they were left with little in their hands, if not mounting debts and dead soils. Many gave up farming. Many more want to do so, squeezed by the ever-rising costs. This is nothing less than tragic, since Nature has generously gifted us with all that is needed for organic farming – which also produces wholesome, rather than poisoned food!

Restoring the natural health of Indian agriculture is the path to solve the inter-related problems of poverty, unemployment and rising population. The maximum number of people can become self-reliant through farming only if the necessary inputs are a bare minimum. Thus, farming should require a minimum of financial capital and purchased inputs, minimum farming equipment (plough, tools, etc.), minimum necessary labour, and minimum external technology. Then, agricultural production will increase, without costs increasing. Poverty will decline, and the rise in population will be spontaneously checked.

Self-reliant farming – with minimal or zero external inputs – was the way we actually farmed, very successfully, in the past. Barring periods of war and excessive colonial oppression, our farmers were largely self-sufficient, and even produced surpluses, though generally smaller quantities of many more items. These, particularly perishables, were tougher to supply urban markets. And so the nation’s farmers were steered to grow chemically cultivated monocultures of a few cash-crops like wheat, rice, or sugar, rather than their traditional polycultures that needed no purchased inputs.

Colin Todhunter is an independent writer. Support his writing

 

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Ex-chefen för indiska flottan skäms över hindu-fascismens framfart

2015-10-28 06_29_35-Admiral.L.Ramdas - Sök på Google

October 22 2015 – Vijaya Dashami

Honourable President and Honourable Prime Minister,

It is with a heavy heart, that I write this open letter to you at a time when our beloved country and people are facing severe challenges and threats to our shared heritage.

I have served in the Armed Forces of India – joining soon after Independence as a 15 year old, to end up as Chief of the Indian Navy [1990 to 1993]. I have witnessed many transitions in India – from the horrors of partition in 1947 to the very different world of digital connectivity that we see today.

I also write to you as one who was brought up in the Hindu faith. However, the Hinduism I knew and experienced was gentle, inclusive, and filled with extraordinary diversity. My religion taught me values of love and respect for all beings. My brand of Hinduism was not filled with the kind of violence and intolerance represented by the current brand of “Hindutva” that seems to be fanning the flames of division and fear across the country.

Today, as a veteran in my eighties, I am forced to hang my head in shame as I witness a series of incidents and assaults on our fellow citizens, especially minorities and dalits. Our armed forces which I have had the honour to serve for nearly 45 years, have been an exemplar of India’s secular ethos. Be it in ships and submarines, or in planes and battle formations, we do not discriminate on the basis of caste or religion – we train, we fight, we live, we eat and we die together.

So why are we bearing witness to increasing attacks on minorities across the country, ever since the present government came to power in May 2014?It appears that certain communities are being singled out for special attention. Today a Muslim has to prove his or her loyalty, and they are being repeatedly put in a situation where their places of worship are under attack, as indeed their eating habits, and other basic freedoms. The instances of completely unilateral mob behaviour leading to many deaths as well as direct insinuations being made by senior leaders, are too numerous and well known to be repeated. And the atrocities on Dalits continue with impunity.

There seems to be a systematic and well orchestrated attempt to impose a majoritarian single point agenda of creating a Hindu Rashtra in India – led by the RSS and their network of groups, which is disturbing to say the least. This in turn has resulted in a dangerous pattern of mob behaviour including intimidating and lynching people merely on the basis of rumours – in total disregard for the established rule of law. In many cases those responsible for implementing the law, have themselves displayed blatant partisan tendencies and behaviour.

Most shocking of all is the fact there has been no unambiguous condemnation of such actions and behaviour by those at the helm of affairs in the country.

Sadly, time and time again, the response of the government seems to indicate an almost studied, but certainly not benign, indifference. The co-ordinated response of those in government seems to be to downplay the serious and vicious nature of these allegations and attacks – by terming them ‘sad’ and ‘unfortunate’ – whereas there should be outrage and a demonstrated will to ensure that this society will not tolerate such behaviour. That there are MPs, Cabinet ministers and elected Chief Ministers who are in the forefront of these comments and actions, leads one to believe that the ruling party and its satellite organisations are working to a plan and with utter contempt for the rule of law and all norms of decency.

I do not need to point out to the top leadership today, that this is playing with fire in a nation where minorities – especially Muslims and Christians, as also dalits and adivasis, are already feeling discriminated and marginalised. Instead of treating this amazing diversity as our strength, today we are being seen by the international community as increasingly insular, parochial, intolerant, racist and even fascist. The violence visited upon vulnerable sections reinforces the image of India as an imperfect democracy where all forms of dissent are discouraged and human rights trampled upon with impunity.

The Prime Minister and his ministers in the government are sworn in by the President of India, and they take an oath pledging to uphold the Indian Constitution. Their failure to do so, as evidenced in the foregoing, is a serious matter and does not augur well either for national security or national integrity. The Central and State Governments must act swiftly, unequivocally condemn all such incidents, and ensure that justice is done and the guilty are punished. Such action alone will have a salutary deterrent effect on all those, be they fringe or mainstream, who are speaking and acting in many voices that are totally against and inimical to, our traditional ethos and the syncretic culture of our country and its people.

India represents a unique blend of peoples and cultures which have evolved over 5000 years in a constantly changing and dynamic process. This diversity and unique nature of our society and people can probably never be replicated anywhere on this earth – and for this reason alone, the concept of a single religious identity or mono culture represents an insult to this ancient civilisation and heritage

Honourable Mr President, Honourable Mr Prime Minister, you have both sworn to honour the right of every single citizen to freedom of speech, worship, association as brilliantly articulated in the Indian Constitution. As a former serviceman and a veteran, like you, I too have promised to uphold the same constitution. It is our bounden duty that the elected Government of this nation must honour the rights of every citizen of this land as amply spelled out in the Preamble of the Constitution and further elaborated in the Directive Principles of State policy.

As Supreme Commander and the Chief Executive – this is what you must ensure and implement by all the powers vested in you by the people of India.

If we do not stem the rot now – it might be too late. Indeed we the people of India look to you to take all steps necessary to restore faith in our democracy and in the promise of bringing dignity, fraternity and equality to each of our citizens.

L Ramdas

 

Shri Pranab Mukherji

Hon President of India

Rashtrapati Bhavan,

New Delhi

 

Shri Narender Modi

Hon Prime Minister 7,

Race Course Road

New Delhi

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16/11. Indien och Kastsystemet: Demokrati med Graderat Medborgarskap

2015-10-23 16_17_50-hans magnusson dalit - Sök på Google

Indien vann sin självständighet från kolonialmakten Storbritannien den 15 augusti 1947, signerade sin konstitution den 26 januari 1950, och höll sitt första allmänna val år 1952.

  • Måndag 16 november 2015
  • Tid: Kl 18.00 – 20.00
  • Plats: Medborgarhuset, Medborgarplatsen 4, 11826 Stockholm

Innehåll

Idag kallar sig Indien ´världens största demokrati´ och har efter liberaliseringen av ekonomin 1991 har en stark ekonomisk tillväxt. Detta är i formell mening sant. Dock, det finns en motbild gestaltad bl.a. genom berättelsen om en samhällsgrupp på ca 200 miljoner människor, som kallar sig Daliter, de s.k. ´oberörbara´ inom kastsystemet. Seminariet vill ge en bild av förtrycket och förnekelsen av Daliterna, traditionellt och idag, samt hur de genom litteratur, poesi, konst och aktivism skapat en egen identitet som ett led i kampen för fullvärdigt medborgarskap med rätt till mänsklighet, mänsklig värdighet och mänskliga rättigheter.

Så här presenterar föreläsaren Hans Magnusson sig själv:

Jag har varit engagerad i Daliternas kamp för mänskliga rättigheter sedan 1998, då jag som samordnare för Indien vid Svenska sektionen av Amnesty International arrangerade ett seminarium om Daliternas situation. I seminariet medverkade aktivist från Daliternas kvinnoorganisation. År 2002 bildades Dalit Solidarity Network – Sweden. DSN-S ingår i det internationella nätverket, the International Dalit Solidarity Network (IDSN), som består nationella Dalitorganisationer i Indien, Nepal, Pakistan, Bangladesh och Sri Lanka, solidaritetsnärverk i sju europeiska länder samt associerade människorättsorganisationer, som verkar nationellt och internationell för att avskaffa den diskriminering baserad på kast, som drabbar ca 260 millioner världen över; www.idsn.org; www.dalitsolidarity.se

Jag har varje år sedan 1998 besökt Indien och lärt känna många Daliter. Genom dem och litteratur har jag lärt mig om deras villkor och hur de arbetar för att hävda sina medborgerliga rättigheter.

”India Untouched – Stories of a People Apart”

”Indiens Oberörbara – berättelser om ett utstött folk” är en omfattande studie av oberörbarhet. Regissören Stalin K tillbringade fyra år på resor kors och tvärs över landet för att exponera situationen för daliterna, “de trasiga människorna”, som förtrycks av ett 4.000-årigt religiöst system.India Untouched – se dokumentär

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Sionister och hindutva-fascister i skön förening

Anand Singh säger att Hindutva Fascists and Barbaric Zionists Are Natural Partners och att bara på det viset kan vi förstå Modis resa till Israel… /Einar

Hindutva Fascists And Barbaric Zionists Are Natural Partners!
By Anand Singh

http://www.countercurrents.org/asingh191015.htm

A famous Israeli historian has termed the strategy of killing innocents in the name of anti-terrorism by Israel, as ‘Incremental Genocide’. Hindutva fascists are desperate to learn this skill of incremental genocide from their ideological kins, so that they can practice it in India too. Modi’s upcoming trip to Israel needs to be understood from this perspective

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Frihandelsavtalet. A win-win för Europa och ingenting för Indien?

ladda ned

Samtidigt som Europa kämpar mot TTIP-avtalet så vill de pådyvla Indien ett frihandelsavtal (FTA) som i princip är samma sak. A win-win för Europa och ingenting för Indien. / Einar

India-EU FTA: Time For A Fundamental Rethink?
By Kavaljit Singh

http://www.countercurrents.org/singh111015.htm

This FTA would have profound implications on local employment and manufacturing in India. The  cheaper import of agricultural and manufactured goods due to lowering of import tariffs will negatively affect several labour intensive sectors. Unlike Europe, 93 percent of India’s workforce is employed by unorganised sector with abysmally low wages and no social security

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