Arrangörer för vänstermöte i Hyderabad arresterade idag

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Varavara Rao är en känd och modig poet som ofta har försvarat naxalitrörelsen offentligt. Han är en helt offentlig person och hans telefonnummer brukar stå längst ner på flygblad från Revolutionary Democratic Front som har förbjudits i en del delstater. Undertecknad har talat med honom på telefon vid något tillfälle och han är bekant med Jan Myrdal. Här finns en länk till ett uttalande om gripandet och en text om Varavara Rao. / Erik

 

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Nästa nummer och kastsystemet i Somalia

2014-09-20 10_36_47-AFRICAN FIRST PEOPLES_ THE MADHIBAAN PEOPLE

Nästa nummer av Dandakaranya kommer att innehålla en längre genomgång av det indiska kastsystemet. Kastsystemet är starkt förknippat med Indien men det finns många länder. I Somalia t.ex. finns ett par kaster (klaner) som är lika förtryckta som daliterna i Indien. Personer ur den “orena” klanen Madhibaan är ofta personligt bundna till en en högre kast och fungerar mer eller mindre som deras slavar. På wikipedia står de att de bara skulle vara ca 9000 personer vilket är helt fel.  Här finns en sida som bevakar deras rättigheter.

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Stort revolutionärt möte i 10-miljonersstaden Hyderabad

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På mötet talar bl.a. annat poeten Varavara Rao som är en bekant till Jan Myrdal. Ett hett tips är att polisen kommer att slå till mot mötet som kommer att hållas imorgon.

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PRESSMEDDELANDE: Aftonbladet idag – farlig demonisering av indisk folkrörelse

india-3

Vi som följer utvecklingen i Indien oroas av den indiska regeringens omfattande militära kampanjer som riktar sig mot de områden som bebos av Indiens ursprungsbefolkning. Bakgrunden är väl känd. Enorma mineralfyndigheter finns i ursprungsbefolkningens områden och de har lovats bort till inhemska och utländska storbolag.

En statlig myndighet i Indien kallar denna process för det “största markrofferiet  sedan Columbus” (1). Men ursprungsbefolkningen vägrar flytta på sig och den indiska regeringen hoppas att militären skall lösa problemet. Med råd och vägledning från amerikanska experter har hundratusentals soldater har satts in i en mycket omfattande militär kampanj med massakrer, våldtäkter, brända byar i klassisk vietnamkrigsstil. Samtidigt har myndigheterna upphävt alla grundläggande rättigheter på olika håll i Indien, folkrörelseledare avrättas i “encounters”, journalister fängslas och dödas och 10 000-tals personer sitter inlåsta utan rättegång. Motståndet mot regeringens politik är omfattande och i denna motståndsrörelse är naxalitrörelsen sedan länge en stark kraft som motverkar skogsskövlingen och försvarar ursprungsbefolkningens rätt att bo kvar i sina hem.

Världens värsta terrorister?

Mot denna bakgrund blir man lätt förvånad när man ser bilden som idag skall locka läsare till Aftonbladet Plus. Under rubriken “VÄRLDENS VÄRSTA TERRORISTER” så räknar Aftonbladet upp Islamiska Staten alldeles intill naxalitrörelsen. De läsare som har tillgång till Aftonbladet Plus kan dock klicka sig vidare på hemsidan och läsa att naxaliterna “har ett brett stöd bland Indiens fattiga” och att “Gruppen kämpar för ekonomisk rättvisa och en omfördelning av landområden. De vill skapa rättvisa och ekonomisk utjämning för fattiga landsbygdsbor och stambefolkningar”. Naxaliterna har alltså enligt Aftonbladet ett brett stöd bland landets fattiga och kämpar för ekonomisk rättvisa men skall alltså ändå räknas in bland “Världens värsta terrorister” tillsammans med Islamiska Staten.

Tangentbordstryckningar i metropolerna

I vidsträckta områden har ursprungsbefolkningen alltså anslutit sig till naxalitrörelsen och rörelsen försvarar befolkningens rätt att bo kvar oavsett vilka avtal myndigheterna har tecknat. Med tanke på vilka enorma ekonomiska intressen som står på spel så lär kriget fortsätta. Svenska storbolag har omfattande intressen i Indien och de indiska myndigheterna jobbar dygnet runt för en “lämplig” rapportering. Om deras bild av läget får dominera så kommer de känna sig styrkta att än mer öka intensiteten i kriget. Nu i sommar har det diskuterats i indiska medier om militären skall börja med omfattande flygbombning i ursprungsbefolkningens områden. Att låta flygbomba “Världens värsta terrorister” är inget större politiskt problem. Värre är det att bomba en redan oerhört trängd ursprungsbefolkning.  Tiotals miljoner av detta folk är mer eller mindre under belägring i en militär kampanj med hundratusentals soldater som har den allra senaste militära utrustningen, drönare och svenska raketgevär. Och i detta läge passar Sveriges största tidning i ett världens rikaste länder på att sätta igång den grövsta demonisering som vi hittills sett. Tro det eller ej, tangentbordstryckningar i metropolerna får konsekvenser i Indiens skogar.

En fråga till Aftonbladets redaktion

Ska vi skicka bilder på utbrända byar och döda “terrorister” när flygbombningen har kommit igång? Då skulle ni kunna lägga upp dem under rubriken “De blodtörstiga terroristernas undergång”. Det genererar säkert många värdefulla klick.

Erik Jonsson för Indiensolidaritet

(1) Committe on state agrarian relations and unfinished task of land reforms,
Minstry of rural development, Government of India. Volume 1 (draft report)

Aftonbladet: http://www.aftonbladet.se/nyheter/article19549946.ab?teaser=true
Indiensolidaritet: www.indiensolidaritet.org

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2 döda när 250 hem revs av militärpolis i Dehli

Utan förvarning dök militärpoliser ur CRPF upp och började riva 250 hem i en stadsdel i Dehli. Resultatet blev att två dog och många skadades. En äldre kvinna dog när de rev en vägg över henne. Myndigheterna rensar bort folket så att byråkratkapitalet kan göra en hacka.

 

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Ursäkta röran….

Som synes så bygger vi om hemsidan. Den gamla sidan var en aning rörig och det var svårt att hinna med att uppdatera alla delar av den så det låg en massa gammalt material uppe hela tiden. Vi kommer att prova med en enklare sida som kommer att ha lite större fokus på papperstidningens innehåll som inte var så lätttillgängligt på den andra sidan. Det har varit ganska struligt att byta wordpress-mall. Det jobbigaste är att man måste rensa bort databaser från servern. Det andra kluriga är att hitta en mall som passar oss. Det skall vara en enkel bloggmall som man kan lägga upp små bilder av tidningarna på sidan i. Något tips? / Red

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Parlamentariker kräver våldtäkt på muslimska kvinnor

Hej,

Allt är möjligt i Indien: att parlamentariker kräver våldtäkt på
muslimska kvinnor och att kristna pogromoffer väntar i sex år
på rättvisa. Vad säger de kristna i svenska medier? / Einar

Activist Files Complaint Against Yogi Adityanath
Press Release

http://www.countercurrents.org/pr290814.htm

Immediate Action including registration of FIR be directed against Hindu
Yuva Vahini, MP Yogi Adityanath for hate speech exhorting Muslim women
to be raped, Muslims to be deprived of voting rights and Mosques to be
converted to pig pens and suspension of officers of Uttar Pradesh police
at this rally at Sidhartnagar for not intervening and stopping this
rabid hate-speech in their presence

Kandhamal After 6 Years: Waiting For Justice And Peace!
By Ajay Kumar Singh

http://www.countercurrents.org/aksingh290814.htm

The anti-Christian violences that took lives a total of 39 persons,
including 2 police personnel and 3 rioters while the Human Rights groups
estimate to over 100 persons killed, including disabled and elderly
persons, children, men and women. The communal frenzy engulfed more than
600 villages at least 6500 houses were looted and burnt with 54000 were
made homeless; 315 churches and worship places razed and gutted in fire;
35 schools, philanthropic institutions including leprosy homes,
tuberculosis sanatoriums; and a dozen of non-profit organisations were
looted, damaged and burnt down. It was estimated that more than 10,000
children dropped out of schools due to displacement and security while
thousands were pushed to unhygienic relief camps for nearly three years

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Två dödsdomar per dag är inte så illa pinkat

Två dödsdom per dag – inte dåligt. De är bra på att döda folk. / Einar

 

Asian Centre for Human Rights


(ACHR has Special Consultative Status with the UN ECOSOC)
C-3/441-C, Janakpuri, New Delhi-110058, India
Phone: +91-11-25620583, 25503624
Email:suhachakma@achrweb.org; Website: www.achrweb.org

1 September 2014

PRESS RELEASE

President Mukherjee rejects 97% of mercy pleas as India gives two death sentences each day

 

New Delhi: Asian Centre for Human Rights in its report, “India: Death Penalty Has No Deterrence” (http://www.achrweb.org/reports/india/NoDeterrence.pdf), stated that President Pranab Mukherjee has rejected 97% of the mercy petitions since assuming the office of the President of India on 25 July 2012 despite no deterrent effect of death penalty. President Mukherjee has considered 23 mercy pleas involving 31 death-row convicts out of which only one convict, Atbir was granted mercy as on August 2014.

Analysing the data of the National Crimes Records Bureau (NCRB), the report, “India: Death Penalty Has No Deterrence”, stated, “From 2001 to 2012, death sentence of 1,552 convicts were confirmed while the death sentences for 4,382 convicts were commuted to life imprisonment. This implies that a total of 5,934 convicts were given death sentence in the last 12 years in India i.e. about two convicts being given death sentence every working day of the judiciary”.

The empirical evidence of the Government of India, however, establishes that death penalty does not act as deterrent.” – stated Mr Suhas Chakma, Director of Asian Centre for Human Rights.

Death penalty is awarded mostly in cases of murder.  Despite executions of an average of 128 death row convicts per year from 1953 to 1963 as per the 35th Report of the Law Commission, the decadal increase of murder cases during the same period as per the NCRB was about 17%. Obviously, executions had not acted as a deterrent. Rather, drastic reduction in executions in the post Bachan Singh judgement period drastically brought down murder cases. As per the NCRB which started collecting statistics on death penalty from 1995, the decadal decrease of murder cases during 1992 to 2002 was 12.43% in actual term despite decadal growth rate of India’s population by 21.34% from 846.3 million in 1991 to 1.028 billion in 2001. Similarly, the decadal decrease of murder cases during 2002-2012 was 1.99% in actual term despite increase of India’s population from 1.028 billion in 2001 to 1.21 billion in 2011.

Though no convict under anti-terror laws from Jammu and Kashmir has been executed from 1990 till the hanging of Afzal Guru in 2013, Jammu and Kashmir had recorded decadal reduction of 70% incidents of terrorist violence and 61.66% reduction in killings during the period 2003-2012 as against the period 1993-2002. Terror incidents declined from 5,247 incidents in 1993 to 220 incidents in 2012. The number of persons killed also declined from 2,255 persons in 1993 to 102 persons in 2012. Further, decadal terror incidents of about 43,085 incidents with 26,285 deaths in Jammu and Kashmir during 1993 to 2002 were reduced to 12,970 incidents with 10,076 deaths during 2003-2012.

Even inclusion of death penalty for repeat offenders of rape under Section 376E of the Indian Penal Code following the Nirbhaya gang rape incident in Delhi has not reduced non-homicidal offences such as rape. On 4 April 2014, a Sessions Court in Mumbai, Maharashtra became the first in the country to impose death penalty to three repeat offenders of rape under the new Section 376E of the IPC in the infamous Shakti Mill rape case. However, the statistics provided by Mumbai Police showed that 135 rape cases were reported from April to 15 June 2014 i.e. about 2 rape cases daily. Similarly, the award of death penalty to four adult accused found guilty of rape and murder of Nirbhaya by a fast track court in September 2013 failed to act as a deterrent. According to data released by the Delhi Police, 616 rape cases were registered in Delhi from 1 January 2014 to 30 April 2014 i.e. six cases were reported every day. This is an increase of 36% compared to around 450 cases registered in the same period in 2013.

With the exception of the Central Reserve Police Force Act, death penalty is provided in all the legislations establishing the Army, Air Force, Navy and the central para-military forces for a number of military offences such as in relation to the enemy or terrorist, mutiny, desertion and aiding desertion and other offences such as murder including fratricide. The Ministry of Defence stated that 83 cases of fratricide were reported from the armed forces from 2000 to 2012. Though the CRPF Act does not provide death penalty, maximum number of fratricide killings among the para-military forces of 18 incidents, were reported from the CPRF.

Though death penalty does not act as a deterrent, the Government of India continues to mislead the people about its effectiveness.  Death penalty can never be a substitute to prevention, effective and prompt investigation and speedy justice delivery system against crimes on which the Government of India has failed”. – further stated Mr Chakma.

Asian Centre for Human Rights called upon the Government of India to amend all the laws that provide death penalty and replace the same with punishment for life imprisonment i.e. imprisonment for the whole of the remaining period of the convicted person’s natural life. [Ends]


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Växande nationalism kan leda till folkmord?

Hej,

“om det inte görs någonting då får den stigande vågen av irrationell nationalism att Indien förr eller senare exploderar i oföreställbara scener av folkmord extremism och förödande nationalism” / Einar

The Hindutva Hypocrisy
By Bilal Shaheen

http://www.countercurrents.org/shaheen310814.htm

Even if India will become a Hindu Rashtra, it will be a Muslim Rashtra, Sikh Rashtra, Christian Rashtra and so on. And it will not be without tragedies, holocuasts and genocides. Millions have already perished in Hindutva’s cumbersome mission to install Hindu Rashtra. Today India has its own ground zero at Ayodhya. If nothing is done to stem this rising tide of irrational nationalism, India, sooner or later, will explode into unimaginable scenes of genocide, extremism and nefarious
nationalism

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Hälften av Indiens skogar öppnas för gruvbolagen

Black gold, Green Signal- Half of India’ s forests – being opened for mining #WTFnews

Anubhuti Vishnoi  August 29, 2014 |

Coal-laden trucks at an open-cast coal mine in Ramgarh, Jharkhand.Half of India’s forests, literally ‘no-go’ areas for industry, will be opened up for coal mining. This is the first major step in the elaborate blueprint for change in the country’s environment policies that the Narendra Modi Government plans to roll out fast. The message to the environment ministry is clear-facilitate, mediate, but don’t obstruct.

Prakash Javadekar, the man incharge at Paryavaran Bhawan, got this message when he was hardly paying attention to the portfolio in his first month as minister. He was rarely seen in the ministry, files remained pending for weeks, officials had no clear directions, committees were not constituted and it seemed almost rudderless. He once remarked in the corridors of Parliament that he did not like going to the environment ministry because “NGOs and lobbyists hound him”.

The Prime Minister’s Office (PMO) was not impressed. And in due course, Javadekar, the information and broadcasting minister, was reminded, rather effectively, that he is also the country’s environment minister. That was in mid-August and the turnaround since has been remarkable.

Violating inviolate

The controversial ‘go, no-go’ forest area concept introduced by Jairam Ramesh as environment minister in 2010 is the first policy set for reinterpretation, a move that will open up huge swathes of forest land for mining-half the ‘no-go’ areas to be precise. Coal is a mineral on priority but the environment ministry has asked for detailed mapping of forest land bearing iron ore and manganese so that mining of these can also be ‘streamlined’.

The big policy move is expected to flow from a declaration very soon that will specify just how much of India’s forested area is ‘inviolate’-essentially, forests that are hundreds of years old, housing rich biodiversity and cannot be regenerated or reclaimed by human effort. INDIA TODAY has learnt that the Forest Survey of India (FSI), at the instance of the environment ministry, has assessed that while 30 per cent of coal-bearing forest land was made out of bounds by the ‘go, no-go’ concept, the new ‘inviolate-violate’ formulation would bring this area down by half or roughly 15-17 per cent.

The FSI is believed to have suggested that only pristine forests would largely qualify as inviolate under the new formulation, which means not more than 6 per cent of India’s geographical area. The trick behind the change is the tweaking of criteria which defines the inviolate category. A 2012 committee under former environment secretary T. Chatterjee-tasked to formulate objective parameters for identification of inviolate forest areas-had come up with six “measurable” parameters to make this assessment. These were: forest type, biological richness, wildlife value, forest cover, landscape integrity and hydrological value.

But soon after the Modi Government took charge, the environment ministry decided to reduce the number of parameters to four-wildlife value was proposed to be clubbed with biological richness and hydrological value with forest cover as these parameters were thought to be overlapping. The ‘rationalising’ of parameters was done based on inputs from stakeholder ministries-the coal ministry was one of the first to voice its concerns over the committee’s report.

To identify such areas, the report had suggested dividing the whole country into one square km grids and scoring each grid on the six parameters. If the average score of a grid exceeds 70 out of 100, it shall be labelled ‘inviolate’ and if a majority of the grids in a mining block are ‘inviolate’, the block too will be labelled as such. But the area has come down drastically when measured against the four broader categories due to the rationalised calculation.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Chatterjee committee was set up after the ‘go, no-go’ area concept was vetoed by a group of ministers of the UPA government following stiff opposition from the coal ministry. Reason: It would make more than 150 coal blocks spread across 2.68 lakh hectares of forest land ‘no-go’. The UPA withdrew the ‘go, no-go’ policy and proposed the violate-inviolate concept based on the parameters suggested by the Chatterjee committee. Inviolate meant the area was completely out of bounds for any kind of industrial, mining or development activity.

According to the FSI’s latest State of Forest Report last year, of India’s 21.23 per cent total forested area, 2.54 per cent is very dense forests, 9.7 per cent is moderately dense forests and the remaining 8.99 per cent is open forest area. While the very dense forest area would automatically be considered inviolate, areas with 70 per cent canopy cover under the huger swathes of moderately dense forests (MDF) could qualify as inviolate. However, even that put together would leave out massive areas open to be classified as ‘violate’ and therefore open to industrial and mining activities. The new Government arrived at this after deciding to prune the six measurable parameters to four.

In 2013, the ambitious Vedanta project to mine the Niyamgiri hills for bauxite had to be called off by the UPA government after 12 gram sabhas voted against it, an exercise mandated by the Supreme Court based on requirements of the Forest Rights Act (FRA). While those provisions remain, the Modi Government is working on a proposal to completely do away with gram sabha approvals at least for road, railway and power transmission line projects. Clubbed together, they are termed as linear projects.

The environment ministry has proposed that all linear projects be given the green nod based only on the district collector’s certificate rather than the more tedious and unpredictable gram sabha approval route. While similar proposals were discussed by the previous government, it failed to implement them due to the complete lack of consensus between stakeholder ministries. But given the power dynamics within this Government, consensus is not going to be an issue when faced with a diktat from the PMO.

As a result, for the first time, the tribal affairs ministry, that is the primary custodian of the FRA is also said to be coming around the view that gram sabha approval may be done away with for linear projects. The same ministry under UPA was strongly against any such dilution of the FRA.

What’s more, the environment ministry will also soon empower its various forest department regional offices to decide on their own on all clearances for projects spread across an area of no more than five hectares. Also, states have been asked to survey what are called “deemed forest areas” to determine whether they are actually forested or not.

While the Government has decided to press ahead full steam, the voice of protest is not far behind. The first salvo of resistance came against the reconstitution of the National Board of Wildlife (NBWL), and the issue has now reached the Supreme Court- only three new members were added to the body instead of the required 15. It included only one wildlife expert, R. Sukumar, besides Gujarat cadre IFS officer H.S. Singh and the Gujarat Ecological Education and Research (GEER) Foundation headed by Chief Minister Anandiben Patel in the independent NGO category.

Fighting resistance

Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar.Activists contend that such a body with a clear “Gujarat bias” will pursue a government agenda and not be sensitive to wildlife protection concerns. On the other hand, the board was defunct for a full year as the UPA government had failed to reconstitute it in time, holding up nearly 300 projects. Holding marathon meetings earlier this month, the newly constituted NBWL standing committee cleared more than 140 projects including National Highway widening projects, Teesta Stage IV and the long pending fencing of the India-Bangladesh border in Mizoram’s Dampa Tiger Reserve.

Next on the agenda of controversial issues is field trials for genetically modified crops and identifying the extent of Western Ghats to be declared as ecologically sensitive, where no industrial activity will be allowed. Any move in the direction of liberalising provisions is sure to attract opposition, not just from environment NGOs, but also from within the Sangh Parivar through outfits such as the Swadeshi Jagran Manch.

By all indications, Modi has decided to take on this political test. At least that’s the template he has set for Javadekar, who has dutifully communicated the same to his officials at an in-house meeting. “Don’t stop any project. If there’s a problem, don’t reject, send it back with advice on what’s lacking. We must facilitate development because development is the mood of the nation.” The message could not be clearer.

http://indiatoday.intoday.in/story/forest-land-will-soon-be-open-for-mining-jairam-ramesh-prakash-javadekar/1/379703.htmlRead more at: http://indiatoday.intoday.in/story/forest-land-will-soon-be-open-for-mining-jairam-ramesh-prakash-javadekar/1/379703.html

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