Detaljregistrering av ursprungsbefolkningen skall stoppa upproret

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Inrikesministeriet vill satsa på en detaljregistering av ursprungsbefolkningen i centralindien. Det skall finnas en databas på polisstationerna med ett register över invånarna i varje by. Först måste de i så fall bygga upp nya polisstationer i varje by eftersom det inte finns polisstationer i de områden som naxaliterna har byggt upp sina folkråd i.

På 1970-talet genomförde polisen i Västbengalen och dess dåvarande chef Ranjit Gupta den ökända “Operation Folkräkning” genom att den statliga underrättelsetjänsten samlade information om varje individ och polisinformatörer höll koll på invånarnas rörelser. Detta hjälpte polisen i deras lönnmördande verksamhet och ledde till ett försvagande av den första naxalitrörelsen.

MHA mulls change in anti-Maoist operations tactics

Rakhi Chakrabarty, TNN | Jul 14, 2013, 01.59 AM IST

NEW DELHI: The home ministry is mulling a tactical change in anti-Maoist operations with greater emphasis on intensive intelligence gathering leading to setting up village-level database at police stationsin affected districts. This will come up for discussion at a meeting called by the MHA in July-end with police superintendents of 26 worst-hit districts across seven states and central paramilitary force officers, said an official.

After the Darbha carnage in Chhattisgarh where several senior Congress killed by Maoists followed by a train attack in Bihar andkilling of Pakur SP and several policemen in Jharkhand, the acute lack of intelligence about the rebels has hit home.

The MHA will urge police chiefs of the 26 worst-affected districts to take the initiative to collect information about each village, its residents, amenities and infrastructure available. “We must go back to the basics and revitalize police stations. The information will help in setting up a database at the police stations about villages in its jurisdiction,” said a source.

MHA is keen to replicate the Andhra Pradesh model to combat Maoists. “Village-level database in AP helped police to plan effective operations and develop intelligence network at the grassroots,” he said.

Earlier, in the 1970s, the West Bengal Police under its then chief Ranjit Gupta had begun the notorious ‘Census Operations’ where information about the state intelligence agency collected information about each individual and police informers kept tabs on movement of residents. This helped the police in their cordon-and-search operations leading to the crushing the first Naxalite movement.

The MHA will urge district police chiefs to use the database to monitor movement of villagers, keep tabs on newcomers or enquire about anybody away for an unusually long time.

“Besides, we will ask the district police to document the Maoist formations in their area,” said the official. Accordingly, targets will be fixed and specific responsibility assigned to state police and paramilitary forces assisting it. The role and mandate of the CRPF, nodal agency for anti-Maoist operations, will also be spelt out, he said.

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